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02.10.2017

Opening of the exhibition “Res non humana – inhuman thing. The German occupation of the Zamość Region between 1939 and 1944”

On October 2 the temporary exhibition “Res non humana – inhuman thing. The German occupation of the Zamość Region 1939-1944” prepared by the Museum – Memorial Site in Bełżec was made available for the visitors of the Tomaszów Lubelski Cultural Center.

The exhibition prepared by Tomasz Hanejko and Jarosław Joniec illustrates the events of the murderous policy of the Nazi occupiers experienced by residents of the Zamość region between 1939 and 1944. 15 portable panels present the most important aspects of the German occupation of the Zamość region.

The Zamość region is located in south-eastern part of the Lublin voivodeship. It covers Biłgoraj, Hrubieszów, Tomaszów Lubelski and Zamość counties. During World War II the area was not only of military importance. It was incorporated by the German occupiers into the plan of Germanization and colonization of Central and Eastern Europe, which envisaged, among other things, the displacement of Poles and replacing them with German settlers from various parts of Europe.

The mass displacement of Zamość villages, commenced in the autumn of 1942, contributed to the activation of Polish underground army. The organized resistance of residents was called the Zamość uprising. During this period, the Polish-Ukrainian conflict also intensified and continued even after the end of the German occupation. In Bełżec, one of the death camps was set up within the framework of the plan codenamed "Aktion Reinhardt." The aim of the same was the extermination of the Jewish population conducted in the pre-war regions of Poland not incorporated into the Third Reich. The period of German occupation of the Zamość region ended in July 1944 with the capture of this region by the Red Army.

The exhibition will be available for visitors in the Tomaszów Cultural Center until October 31, 2017.

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