rozwiń menu główne

28.09.2016

Private documents of prisoners

It concerns the collection of private documents belonging to prisoners. As a matter of fact, it is also the name of this collection. It amounts to almost 2 thousand documents and other archival materials which were divided into two groups. The first group includes documents with names of people, whereas materials which do not contain any names were divided according to nationalities and classified in the second group.

The above-mentioned collection is unique due to its diversity, above all. In this case, we handle with documents produced by different offices and institutions, referring to many aspects of life, such as: medical certificates, prescriptions, school reports, birth and death certificates, work ID cards, national identity cards and passports, as well as official correspondence, bills, etc. Apart from official documents, the collection includes also private papers, for example letters, postcards, business cards, notes, journals and diaries. All these materials provide information about nationality, social status or denomination of their owners, many of whom became prisoners of Majdanek. In some cases, we encounter archive records which date from the period much earlier than the times of World War II. Some of them document events even from before the beginning of the 19th century. Therefore, we wonder how did they come to Majdanek? Who brought them? Who did they belong to?

We can find the answer by analysing the other documents preserved in the archives of the State Museum at Majdanek or exploring the Internet. The records of Majdanek, which contain recurring names present in private documents, allow to uncover many “secrets.” Preserved camp documentation proves the imprisonment of the majority of people whose names remain in private correspondence, cards, identity cards and passports that were collected in KL Lublin. Thanks to the in-depth analysis of sources that came from different archival collections the fates of many prisoners were established.

Among archives without personal data, the diary written in the Warsaw ghetto commonly called “Marylka’s diary” merits the attention. Its author, a Jewish woman, whose name we do not know, presented the reality that surrounded her with great sensibility and reliability. She lived in hiding from the outcome of the uprising in the ghetto. Her last record dates back from 27 April 1943. Soon after she was probably arrested and brought in one of transports to Majdanek. Unfortunately, we do not know what happened to her after that. It seems that she did not survive the war. Her diary was found in the area of the former camp and is one of the most important testaments to the extermination of Jews in KL Lublin.

Where did the owners of the documents come from? From all over Europe, but above all from Poland, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and countries of the former Soviet Union. Most materials are written in German, Polish, Czech, Slovak and Russian. Moreover, we can also find sources written in French, Flemish, Italian and Spanish.

Why are the materials from the collection number V so interesting? Because every document refers to another domain, differs in appearance from each other, enables getting to know better the person to whom it relates, and sometimes even discovering family secrets. These archives are beautiful in form, fascinating in content and completely different from repetitive, heartless camp forms, files and tables presented in scientific publications concerning Nazi German concentration camps and death camps.

After full zooming use arrows keys to change image and ESC key to close zoom

  • Zoom image: Order by the Royal Prussian Municipal Court in Berlin on the administration of the estate and the care of the minor issued for Samuel Henschel Schwarz
  • Zoom image: Luggage label or shipping label with the name of Else Sara Steinberger, residing Bamberg/Germany
  • Zoom image: Tag of the KL Lublin deposit bag no. 4686 issued in the name of Zofia Stępkowska, born 17 December 1895
  • Zoom image: Monthly ticket authorizing ride on bus line no. 6 in Warsaw issued in the name of Bela Szok
  • Zoom image: Monthly ticket authorizing ride on bus line no. 6 in Warsaw issued in the name of Bela Szok
  • Zoom image: Prescription issued by Dr. Nadejda Zdrahal, a doctor from the Emperor Francis Joseph Hospital in Vienna
  • Zoom image: Passages from the so-called Marylka Diary
  • Zoom image: Passages from the so-called Marylka Diary
  • Zoom image: Prescription issued by pediatrician Dr. Hirschfelder from Krefeld
  • Zoom image: Notarial deed of Henschel Samuel Schwarz drawn in Wrocław in 1813
  • Zoom image: Bill issued by Ernst Bartl's stocking factory in the name of Anna Cejkova
  • Zoom image: School report of Jewish woman Gertrud Kral, born in 1912 in Vienna
  • Zoom image: Prompt note sent by Credit and Cooperative Bank in Bochnia to Emilia Ackermann residing in Bochnia
  • Zoom image: Prompt note sent by Credit and Cooperative Bank in Bochnia to Emilia Ackermann residing in Bochnia
  • Zoom image: Private letter written by Italian prisoner Domenico Angellini
  • Zoom image: Private letter written by Italian prisoner Domenico Angellini
  • Zoom image: Recognition cards belonging to Jan Ściuba and his son Jan Ściuba. Both of them died in the Majdanek camp
  • Zoom image: Release from service in Wehrmacht issued in the name of Max Bächle
  • Zoom image: Judenausweis – a pass for Jews authorizing to stay within the Lublin ghetto, issued to Leser Barenholc
  • Zoom image: Judenausweis – a pass for Jews authorizing to stay within the Lublin ghetto, issued to Leser Barenholc
  • Zoom image: Fragment of a book cover. The book is about children diseases and was brought to the Majdanek camp
  • Show larger image above: Order by the Royal Prussian Municipal Court in Berlin on the administration of the estate and the care of the minor issued for Samuel Henschel Schwarz
  • Show larger image above: Luggage label or shipping label with the name of Else Sara Steinberger, residing Bamberg/Germany
  • Show larger image above: Tag of the KL Lublin deposit bag no. 4686 issued in the name of Zofia Stępkowska, born 17 December 1895
  • Show larger image above: Monthly ticket authorizing ride on bus line no. 6 in Warsaw issued in the name of Bela Szok
  • Show larger image above: Monthly ticket authorizing ride on bus line no. 6 in Warsaw issued in the name of Bela Szok
  • Show larger image above: Prescription issued by Dr. Nadejda Zdrahal, a doctor from the Emperor Francis Joseph Hospital in Vienna
  • Show larger image above: Passages from the so-called Marylka Diary
  • Show larger image above: Passages from the so-called Marylka Diary
  • Show larger image above: Prescription issued by pediatrician Dr. Hirschfelder from Krefeld
  • Show larger image above: Notarial deed of Henschel Samuel Schwarz drawn in Wrocław in 1813
  • Show larger image above: Bill issued by Ernst Bartl's stocking factory in the name of Anna Cejkova
  • Show larger image above: School report of Jewish woman Gertrud Kral, born in 1912 in Vienna
  • Show larger image above: Prompt note sent by Credit and Cooperative Bank in Bochnia to Emilia Ackermann residing in Bochnia
  • Show larger image above: Prompt note sent by Credit and Cooperative Bank in Bochnia to Emilia Ackermann residing in Bochnia
  • Show larger image above: Private letter written by Italian prisoner Domenico Angellini
  • Show larger image above: Private letter written by Italian prisoner Domenico Angellini
  • Show larger image above: Recognition cards belonging to Jan Ściuba and his son Jan Ściuba. Both of them died in the Majdanek camp
  • Show larger image above: Release from service in Wehrmacht issued in the name of Max Bächle
  • Show larger image above: Judenausweis – a pass for Jews authorizing to stay within the Lublin ghetto, issued to Leser Barenholc
  • Show larger image above: Judenausweis – a pass for Jews authorizing to stay within the Lublin ghetto, issued to Leser Barenholc
  • Show larger image above: Fragment of a book cover. The book is about children diseases and was brought to the Majdanek camp

Communities

polski

english