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Collections

  • Archives

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    Archives are an important part of the historical collections of the Museum at Majdanek. They provide the essential knowledge about the functioning of the concentration camp at Majdanek and death camps in Bełżec and Sobibór. They are also a source of information about prisoners.

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    • Storage for the archival holdings
    • KL Lublin commandant's office records
    • Death Book
    • Secret letters – correspondence illegaly sent by prisoners to their relatives
    • Postcards sent to camp prisoners
    • Collections of photographs
    • Storage for microfilms
    • Storage for archival holdings
    • Archival records
    • Show larger image above: Storage for the archival holdings
    • Show larger image above: KL Lublin commandant's office records
    • Show larger image above: Death Book
    • Show larger image above: Secret letters – correspondence illegaly sent by prisoners to their relatives
    • Show larger image above: Postcards sent to camp prisoners
    • Show larger image above: Collections of photographs
    • Show larger image above: Storage for microfilms
    • Show larger image above: Storage for archival holdings
    • Show larger image above: Archival records

    The records created by offices of KL Lublin in the years 1941-1944 form the most important group of the archives. These documents include, among other things, orders of the commandant’s office, the remains of personal files on deceased prisoners and members of the SS garrison, transport lists, camp records, lists of dead prisoners and documentation of the camp doctor. For the most part, these are only the remains of the camp register offices that were found after the war at Majdanek.

    The archives of the Lublin unit of the OPUS Central Underground Care documenting the underground activities of prisoners and the Polish Red Cross records concerning assistance to prisoners of KL Lublin provide also the information about the camp.
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    Former prisoners and their families have donated many documents and photographs to the Museum. The collection of secret messages smuggled out of the camp and illegal prisoner correspondence to the relatives, with over two thousand letters, is an example of the archival collection, which was created in this way.

    A separate group of documents are oral accounts and memories of former prisoners and other witnesses, which were written or recorded on film in the form of interviews.

    However, the records of the Association of the Former Prisoners of the Lublin Castle and “Pod Zegarem” prison are a source of knowledge about Nazi prisons in Lublin.

    The Archive also collects documentation of the Museum's activity since 1944.

    GUIDE TO THE ARCHIVAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE MUSEUM AT MAJDANEK (download)

    Detailed information about the Archive’s holdings are included in the “.”

    Terms of use of the Archive’s holdings

    The archival materials are available at the research laboratory in the Museum office, which is open from Monday to Friday, between 7.30 a.m. and 3 p.m. If interested, please submit an application.

    We ask for prior notification of the time of your visit. This can be done by e-mail: archiwum@majdanek.eu or by phone +48 81 710 28 21 or 60.

  • Museum Collections

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    Museum collection includes authentic objects from the concentration camp in Majdanek, which were taken over by the museum after the liberation or found in the area of the camp while it was being cleaned. Some of the objects were revealed during sounding archeological research and some others were donated by former prisoners or purchased.

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    • Hat - a part of prisoners' clothing reffered to as striped uniform
    • Elements of a uniform worn by Jews who were Polish Army soldiers
    • Helena Kurcyusz' prison uniform - a dress and a scarf
    • Children's shoes belonging to one of the victioms of "Aktion Reinhardt"
    • Luggage badges
    • Phials of medicine brought to the camp by prisoners
    • Cutlery and dishes used by prisoners in the camp
    • Glasses belonging to one of the camp prisoners
    • Truncheons and whips used by camp guards
    • Empty Zyklon B cans
    • Camp warning plate
    • .
    • Show larger image above: Hat - a part of prisoners' clothing reffered to as striped uniform
    • Show larger image above: Elements of a uniform worn by Jews who were Polish Army soldiers
    • Show larger image above: Helena Kurcyusz' prison uniform - a dress and a scarf
    • Show larger image above: Children's shoes belonging to one of the victioms of "Aktion Reinhardt"
    • Show larger image above: Luggage badges
    • Show larger image above: Phials of medicine brought to the camp by prisoners
    • Show larger image above: Cutlery and dishes used by prisoners in the camp
    • Show larger image above: Glasses belonging to one of the camp prisoners
    • Show larger image above: Truncheons and whips used by camp guards
    • Show larger image above: Empty Zyklon B cans
    • Show larger image above: Camp warning plate
    • Show larger image above: .

    The collection is divided into the following categories:

    • Textiles: camp stripes, prisoner civilian and army clothes, linen camp number badges, officer armbands;
    • Personal belongings brought to the camp by the prisoners: luggage badges and tags, glasses, keys, razors, brushes and toothbrushes, dishes, cutlery and suitcases;
    • Shoes: wooden and straw camp shoes, civilian women’s, men’s and children’s shoes, about 280 thousand of them;
    • Objects connected with camp functioning: plank beds, tables, camp boards, metal number badges, medical tools, boilers, laundering appliances, lights;
    • Terror and death tools: whips, lorry chassis, crematorium furnaces, gallows, Cyclone B cans, Cyclone B;
    • Corpse exploitation: urns, hair, ashes, dentures;
    • Cult objects: different prayer books, rosaries, the Torah scrolls, tefillins, matzeva fragments (Jewish tombstones);
    • Artistic objects made by prisoners in the camp: rings, bracelets, cigarette cases, inkpots, ashtrays, paper weights, pendants, drawings;
    • Permanent camp relics: gas chambers, bathhouses, the crematorium, prisoner and administration barracks, sentry boxes and towers, the Column of Three Eagles and contemporary monuments on the grounds of the State Museum at Majdanek: the Monument to Struggle and Martyrdom, the Bell of Peace and three obelisks.

    The Department of Collections is responsible for loaning the historical and artistic collections of the State Museum at Majdanek. For twenty years now, various objects have been loaned for temporary exhibitions to museums, galleries, and educational centres in Poland and abroad. The rules of loaning objects from the State Museum at Majdanek can be found in the following documents. If interested in retting, please contact the head of the Department of Collections, Ms Anna Surdacka zbiory@majdanek.eu

  • Contemporary art collections

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    Contemporary art collections includes works of art presenting the issue of martyrdom and anti-totalitarianism, produced between 1945 and 2008. They represent various techniques like painting, graphic, drawing, sculpture, medal making, photography, artistic poster and folk art.

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    The works in the collection have been purchased or donated by the artists who participated in numerous artistic contests and exhibitions organized by the museum, originally under the banner of “Against the War.” Later on the name was changed into“Majdanek” International Art Triennial.

    The collection includes works by such artist as Zinowij Tołkaczew, Zenon Kononowicz, Karol Linder, Marian Bogusz, Józef Szajna, Jacek Sienicki, Erna Rosenstein, Teresa Pągowska, Józef Łukomski, Leszek Mądzik, Barbara Zbrożyna, Tomasz Kawiak, D. Capobianco, Herman Hebler, Jiri Anderle, Eva Choung-Fux, Masataka Kuroyanagi.

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